From 1934 to 1963, the biggest criminals in America ended up on Alcatraz. Nowadays they end up on Wall Street.
Alcatraz was Designed to keep prisoners that had caused problems or attempted to escape from other federal penitentiaries, it housed some of America’s most dangerous and notorious criminals. Legendary gangster and mafia boss Al Capone entered Alcatraz a mere 10 days after it opened.
“The Rock” became a synonym for Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay long before its penitentiary housed the most desperate federal prisoners in the United States for almost 30 years, from 1934 to 1963. Alcatraz’s historical significance reaches much further back in time and possesses more facets than the story of bank robbers and kidnappers. On the island stood the first lighthouse on America’s Pacific shores, a light that has guided ships in and out of the magnificent bay for almost 125 years. For nearly 75 years, the island served as a military prison for army convicts from both the western states and overseas possessions. And for 50 years, Alcatraz played a key role in the defenses of San Francisco Harbor.
While several well-known criminals, such as Al Capone, George “Machine-Gun” Kelly, Alvin Karpis (the first “Public Enemy #1”), and Arthur “Doc” Barker did time on Alcatraz, most of the 1,576 prisoners incarcerated there were not well-known gangsters, but prisoners who refused to conform to the rules and regulations at other Federal institutions, who were considered violent and dangerous, or who were considered escape risks. Alcatraz served as the prison system’s prison – if a man did not behave at another institution, he could be sent to Alcatraz, where the highly structured, monotonous daily routine was designed to teach an inmate to follow rules and regulations.
At Alcatraz, a prisoner had four rights: food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. Everything else was a privilege that had to be earned. Some privileges a prisoner could earn included working, corresponding with and having visits from family members, access to the prison library, and recreational activities such as painting and music. Once prison officials felt a man no longer posed a threat and could follow the rules (usually after an average of 5 years on Alcatraz), he could then be transferred back to another Federal prison to finish his sentence and be released.
If you disobey the rules of society, they send you to prison; if you disobey the rules of the prison, they send you to US. Alcatraz is not like any other prison in the United States. here, every inmate is confined alone… to an individual cell.
The film thrust the true story of inmates Frank Morris, Clarence Anglin, and his brother John Anglin into the public consciousness and was regarded as one of the best movies of 1979. … Throughout the 29 years that Alcatraz functioned as a prison, 41 inmates attempted to escape.
In 1962, inmates and bank robbers Frank Morris and John and Clarence Anglin vanished from Alcatraz, the federal island penitentiary off the coast of San Francisco. They had used sharpened spoons to bore through the prison walls, left papier-maché dummies in their beds and floated away on a raft made from 50 raincoats .There is only a faint chance of all three still being alive now – Morris would be 93 today, John Anglin 88 and his younger brother Clarence 89.
Alcatraz inmates were forced to build their own prison. On the other hand, many Alcatraz prisoners were happy to be there instead of another prison. The intense discipline and routine meant the prison was kept very clean, and it was relatively safe compared to other places. Convicts weren’t the only ones living on the island. The guards and their families lived there too.
And Now The Alcatraz is open for we all. Not as prisoner but as tourist…
Though it is common knowledge that no prisoner ever escaped from Alcatraz, there were a number of attempts throughout the years. In all, a combined 36 prisoners made 14 total escapes, with 23 caught quickly, 6 shot and killed in the process, 2 confirmed drowning, and 5 missing and never seen again.
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